Multifamily Syndication Tax Benefits Every Passive Investor Should Be Aware Of

Multifamily Syndication Tax Benefits Every Passive Investor Should Be Aware Of

While many people tend to dread tax season each year, those who are proactive with multifamily real estate investing (specifically real estate syndications) are likely excited about it. That is because there are tons of multifamily syndication tax benefits and incentives that arise for passive investors that enable them to gain max profits from this dynamic stream. 

In short, investing in multifamily syndications offers much more than a lucrative passive income stream; it is also one of the most tax-favoured investing avenues. 

Before we dive into these benefits, here’s a quick disclaimer.  Since we’re not tax professionals, the information in this article is from our experience and understanding only.  You should speak to a qualified CPA for details and advice about your specific situation.  This article should not be construed as tax advice. 

Below are the leading multifamily syndication tax benefits that every investor should be knowledgeable of so they can be fully prepared to capitalize on their opportunities.  


Depreciation is a huge tax deduction and is often overlooked. In tax terms, depreciation is an accounting method that calculates the cost of tangible business assets’ declined value over time and allows the owner to write it off. The most common form is called straight-line depreciation, which is a system that takes the annual deduction cost of items and divides it by its useful life. As for real estate, the IRS states that the useful life of residential properties is 27.5 years, and 39 years for commercial. 

For example, if you have a property valued at $1 million.  You can divide that by 27.5 years, which comes out to about $36K. That means that you can deduct $36K in depreciation each year for up to 27.5 years. The reason this is such a significant deal is because, hypothetically, let’s say you make about $10K profit in a year on your invested property. In such a case, you do not have to pay taxes on that $10K and you get to keep it completely tax-free. On paper it may look like you lost $26K, but in reality, you earned $10K.

Cost Segregation and Bonus Depreciation

Cost segregation is very similar to depreciation but accelerated.  Cost segregation takes into account that some parts of the property depreciate much faster than 27.5 years.  For example, flooring such as carpet has a much shorter life span.

You can have an engineer do a cost-segregation study where they evaluate the individual elements of a property and calculate the life span.  This can allow you to depreciate many items over a much shorter time frame, for example, 5-15 years.

What’s the benefit of taking the depreciation deduction at a must faster rate?

You see, the hold time for most multifamily real estate syndications is about 5 years. That means that you may only get 5 years of those depreciation benefits listed above (5 out of 27.5 years), meaning you’d miss out on over 22 years of depreciation benefits. 

So, if you have something that depreciates in 5 years instead of 27.5 years, and you only hold that property for 5 years, you may end up deducting the full depreciation amount for that part of the property.  By being able to take a larger depreciation deduction earlier, you get more of the depreciation benefits and make a higher profit.

When a property is sold, capital gains tax is owed, and in some cases, deprecation recapture.

Another depreciation option, which is a result of new tax bills, is “bonus depreciation”, which gives the option to depreciate the entire value of a property in the first year.  This way you can carry forward losses until the property is sold, which can offset capital gains.

1031 Exchange Tax 

If you do not want to embark on capital gains just yet, a 1031 exchange would be an ideal alternative. A 1031 exchange is what allows investors to sell one investment property, and in an allocated amount of time, swap it for another. Essentially, instead of having the gains be rolled out to you, you would have the ability to invest them in a new real estate syndication. That all equates to you not needing to owe any capital gains tax to the IRS when the first investment property is sold. Note that not every real estate syndication offers a 1031 exchange outlet, but it is something to be mindful of and ask about during your venture. 

Refinance Cash-Outs

It is not uncommon for multifamily real estate investors to invest in a property for about 1-3 years and then refinance the property after the value has increased due to renovations and rent increases. Doing this does not come with any tax obligations because it is not a taxable event when you return part of the investor’s equity. 

Other tax benefits

Rental income is not subject to social security tax or Medicare tax, so that is a benefit as well.

Summary – The Tax Code Favors Real Estate Investors 

In summary, multifamily real estate syndications can be a great investment that optimizes tax breaks and has been a proven channel to grow and preserve wealth. With the various multifamily syndication tax benefits, combined with typically excellent returns, it is clear how investing in real estate syndications can add up to significant short and long-term gains. 

All in all, for any investor looking to convert their hard-earned capital to passive income in one of the most tax-friendly ways, then multifamily real estate syndication is certainly a prime avenue to think about. 

How a General Partner (Sponsor) Makes Money in an Apartment Syndication

How a General Partner (Sponsor) Makes Money in an Apartment Syndication

Apartment syndication has been a strong buzzword in society, especially since the JOBS Act passed back in 2012 that boosted real estate crowdfunding. All in all, apartment syndication is an inked transaction between a general partner/sponsor and a group of passive partner investors to adequately fund a property that holds high credibility to drive optimal financial gains. Now, as clear-cut as this process may seem on the surface for all parties involved, there is one leading and fully justified question that arises amongst potential passive investors – how do general partners make money from this deal?

In summary, the answer to this question is quite dynamic, as there are several ways general partners can (and do) make money from apartment syndication. To offer more insight and clarity within this area, below is a comprehensive overview of the diverse streams a general partner has that allows them to get compensated for their role. 

1. Distributions 

First are distributions, which is an umbrella term that consists of operations, refinancing, and the sale of the property. Depending on the written contract and how much everyone invested will determine what the split and payout will be. For instance, the profit split could be a clean 50/50 between a passive partner and the general partner, or it could be as tilted as 90/10. As long as everyone agrees, the profits can be split equally, or each person could obtain a different return based on the X/X ratio listed. 

Example: If a passive partner with an 8% preferred return invested $2,000,000 into a property that earned an annual cash flow of $200,000, they would receive $160,000 along with an additional $20,000 if the contract was a 50/50 split. That scenario would leave the general partner with $20,000 to take. 

2. Percentage Ownership 

Another primary way, which is also linked to the distribution point above, is making money through percentage ownership. Again, depending on how much personal investment the general partner chose to invest and how much the property refinanced or sold for will determine the outcome of this profit. An example for this one is the general partner owning 30% of the property and the passive partners owning 70% of it. The only underlying issue with this one is that it does not usually offer steady cash flow over time, but it could deliver large lump sums in the end if the value of the property rose significantly. 

3. Fees 

Next involves general partner fees. In short, there are typically a few different fees involved in an apartment syndication agreement, one of which is an acquisition fee. Almost all general partners will charge this one-time upfront fee, usually around 1-5% of the total purchase price. This profit will again be strongly determined on the potential of the property, the qualifications of the team, and the scope of the project as a whole. Why do you, as a passive partner, need to pay this? Because it covers the time and money spent by the general partner on their efforts involving deal development, team building, marketing analysis work, finance securing, and other aspects involved to make the project a successful and seamless one. Other fees that a passive partner can expect to pay and how general partners get paid for their time include:

  • Asset Management Fee: An annual per unit fee ranging from about 2-3% and is used to cover aspects within the business plan such as interior/exterior renovations. An important thing to note here is that this percentage is based on what the collected income is, meaning the lower the income, the lower the percentage will be. 
  • Organization Fee: The majority of the time, most apartment syndication contracts do not list an organization fee as it is built into the acquisition fee. However, if it is separate, then a general partner will likely ask for a 3-10% upfront fee based on the total money that has been raised to organize and orchestrate the project team fundamentals. 
  • Refinance Fee: A refinance fee goes to a general partner for their time involved in refinancing a property. Perhaps the value increases as time goes on, and they are able to refinance with a better interest rate and terms. Refinancing is not always applicable, but if it is, there may be a 1-3% fee collected based on the total loan amount.
  • Loan Guarantor Fee: This is another one-time closing fee (that a general partner may or may not ask for) which is collected to guarantee the loan. This one had a larger percentage range falling anywhere from .5% to 5%, depending on the risk involved and if it is a recourse loan or not. Diving deeper into the risks, a recourse loan is red on the risk chart because it allows the lender to collect the general partner’s assets (home, car, credit cards, etc.) even after the collateral has been taken to collect the debt owed. On the other hand, a nonrecourse does not allow the lender to collect assets other than the collateral. In those circumstances, the loan guarantor fee will be lower since there is less risk on the general partner. 
  • Loan Interest Fees: Regardless of the size of the loan being taken on to carry out the property renovating objectives, there is going to be interest involved. Because of this, there might be an 8-12% loan interest fee as part of the apartment syndication deal. This fee is to help cover that said interest incurred from the loans made to the company
  • Construction Management Fee: Lastly, a construction management fee is typically an on-going 5-10% fee to support the general partner in optimizing the project pipeline efforts. This percentage is calculated on the total renovation budget, but keep in mind that it is often intertwined with the asset management fee to maximize passive partner returns. 

4. Brokerage Commissions (If Licensed A Broker in The Same State as The Property)

If a general partner happens to be a licensed real estate broker in the same state as the property they are investing in, then they could earn compensation for that area of business as well for performing brokerage activities to the syndication. For instance, they may earn a commission for purchasing the property initially and potentially a resale commission if selling the flipped property is part of the big picture agenda. As a final comment here, if a general partner is not a licensed broker, then onboarding one will be part of their team building process, as they are the main link between the buyer and seller and helps ensure that the entire acquisition process will go smoothly. 

Conclusion – Ready to Invest Passively? 

From finding and underwriting deals, securing finances, negotiating, executing business plans to investor communications, general partners are essentially the drivers when it comes to apartment syndication. Because of that, it stands to reason why many people looking to invest passively stop and ask how do general partners make money as their role significantly differs from theirs. After reviewing the list of streams above, hopefully you now have a better understanding of how the process works on that side of the spectrum and have a concrete idea of what to expect if you choose to opt for this investing avenue yourself. 

With that being said, passive investing is one of the leading ways to obtain the advantages of owning an apartment property without having to put in the full time, commitment, and funding needed to execute the project. Now, this is certainly not a get rich quick scheme, but it is one that can hold monumental value that builds over time. Remember, when a multifamily property you invested in earns a profit, so do you! Overall, if you are ready to have your money work for you and invest passively in multifamily real estate, then contact us today, and we will be happy to help you get the process started. 

Investing in Real Estate vs. the Stock Market

Investing in Real Estate vs. the Stock Market

Investing in Real Estate vs. the Stock Market

Of the two types of investing, investing in stocks and shares seems on the surface to be more accessible to many than the world of property investment.

So, why would you consider investing in real estate?

Both types of investment have their pros and cons but the beauty of investing in property lies in the low risk, stability, and predictability of the investment.

When you add incredible tax advantages, hedge against inflation and control of investment to the list of positives then choosing to invest in tangible bricks and mortar over stocks and shares makes much more sense.

Let’s take a brief look at some of the pros and cons.

Stocks and Shares – Positives and Negatives


1. Volatility

During a dip in the economy, you may be subject to the disappointment of diminishing funds as the profitability of the company drops.

Stock prices experience extreme short-term volatility, depending on the day’s events. Most smart traders do not react to these volatile market cycles but take a long term approach; however, the unpredictability of stocks can take its toll emotionally.

2. Risk

Stocks are volatile by nature because they depend greatly not only on the economy but also on the performance of a company and more importantly on the performance of the flawed individuals that run those companies.

If a company goes bankrupt then the money that you have invested in those stocks is completely dissolved.

This is a bigger risk than many are willing to take; many investors prefer to have their capital tied up in an investment over which they have a greater degree of control.

Negative publicity can also affect stock prices unexpectedly and in this day and age of instant news and of fake news, the volatility goes through the roof.

For example, on January 29, 2013, Audience ($ADNC), a voice processing company, found itself in muddy waters, literally, after a Twitter account named @MuddyWaters published a tweet about a false report in which the company was being investigated by the Department of Justice. The tweet set the company’s stock into a 25% drop. Muddy Water’s published a tweet after, clarifying the hoax.

  1. Ambiguity

Accurate stock analysis calls for a great deal of study. Even many honest experts admit that they are barely scratching the surface when it comes to accurate in-depth analysis.

When you invest in stocks you effectively own a portion of the company that you are investing in. If that company manages to thrive then the value of your stock rises and you win. When the company struggles, you lose.


1. Passive Income

The entire process of investing in stocks can be automated.

Of course, when it comes to investing in property, you don’t have to be the one dealing with tenants’ problems. When you invest in a property deal that is syndicated by someone else then this means that your real estate investment income will effectively also be 100% passive. You are several steps removed from the day to day management of the property.

2. Liquidity

Buying and selling stock is a relatively straightforward and speedy process with low transaction costs. No tangible asset is being exchanged so the transaction is quick and inexpensive. The process of actually buying and selling stocks is obviously much more straightforward than buying and selling a property which often takes two or three months or more.

3. Diversification

Due to the relative ease of buying and selling stocks, it stands to reason that it would also be fairly simple to spread your capital across different stocks. This is a way to combat the volatility of the stock market where the prices of individual stocks fluctuate daily. Clearly, it would take a much greater investment of capital to diversify your real estate portfolio in the same way.

Real Estate – Positives and Negatives

Real estate is a tangible asset and as such for many investors, feels more real. A great appeal of this type of investment is its stability.

For many millions of people, this kind of investment has generated consistent wealth and long-term appreciation.

Real estate investment provides a very consistent and stable rental income. Having a home is a vital necessity for all people, and as a result, rental investors are relatively protected even during economic downturns.


1. Lack of liquidity

With property, you can’t just sell it at the end of the trading day. You can’t go back on your decision to invest in a property at the click of a key on your keyboard.

It may be necessary to hold the property for several years to realize the anticipated big returns.

It’s interesting to note however, that most stocks dividend yields hover around 4% or less annually.  When you invest in a multifamily real estate deal, you start receiving income almost immediately. Investors are getting distribution checks every month from rental income and routinely the average annual returns even after fees, inflation and taxes, are above 10%.

2. Lack of diversification

If you’re putting all of your money into real estate you might be limiting your diversification.

In contrast, with stocks, by means of an index or mutual fund, you can have easy diversification.

However, diversification can be achieved in real estate investing; well-qualified advisors can help you to spread your investments across different communities and different types of property.

This is another advantage of syndication.

3. Transaction Costs

As we have seen, stock trading has much lower transaction costs than real estate.

Real estate is a longer-term investment and transferring property is expensive. There are title fees, attorney fees, agent commissions, transfer taxes, inspections, and appraisal costs.

Real estate is a tangible asset and as such for many investors, feels more real. A great appeal of this type of investment is its stability.

For many millions of people, this kind of investment has generated consistent wealth and long-term appreciation.

Real estate investment provides a very consistent and stable rental income. Having a home is a vital necessity for all people, and as a result, rental investors are relatively protected even during economic downturns.


1. Cash Flow

Property investment provides an opportunity to invest for cash flow which means buying a rental property for the income it generates each month.

With skillful management, this cash flow income can be increased significantly after your investment.

The passive income from your real estate investments can dramatically improve your quality of life.

Rental properties give a steady source of cash that keeps up with inflation.

With smart investment advice, real estate investing will bring a consistent stream of passive income.

Many investors are often able to earn cash flow completely tax-free.

2. Tax Advantages

The government gives many tax advantages to those that effectively help them with their responsibility to provide suitable housing for the populace. Owning real estate brings many tax advantages, not least of which is depreciation.

Depreciation is a key tax advantage with real estate investment.

Real estate investors earn back the cost of depreciation over a period of time after the initial purchase.

Because you are depreciating an asset that increases in value, you receive a tax credit accordingly.

This tax credit is received in addition to property maintenance and other costs that you can take away from the rental income you receive.

When you add in ‘bonus depreciation’ and ‘1031 Exchange,’ the tax advantages are truly extraordinary.

3. Hedge against Inflation

Depending on the type of securities you hold, Inflation can be problematic. Real estate investing serves as a hedge against inflation. The value of the property is tied to inflation as replacement cost goes up and the rent of the tenant is adjusted upward.


Investing in multifamily properties brings excellent returns with low volatility and many other financial advantages.

A great advantage of investing through syndicates rather than making a self-directed investment is that you get to leverage the investment company’s expertise. 

With a syndicator, you can bank on the knowledge and skills of several real estate professionals. 

Many investors don’t have the time or inclination to learn every aspect of owning and managing real estate investment, for example, negotiating purchase agreements, financing a purchase, negotiating leases and managing the property.

We look forward to supporting you in your desire to expand your wealth and reach your goal of financial freedom by means of multifamily real estate investment.

Multi-Family Property Classifications and Your Investment Strategy

Multi-Family Property Classifications and Your Investment Strategy

Multi-Family Property Classifications and Your Investment Strategy

What is meant by the multi-family property classifications A, B, C, and D?

In investment terms which of these property types are classified as core assets and which can be considered core-plus assets?

If you are looking to pursue a conservative investment strategy or if you prefer a more aggressive one that has the potential to deliver a higher yield in which class of multi-family property should you be looking to invest?

All these questions and more will be clearly answered in this article.


Classification – Class A

Class A multy Family home

Class A multi-family properties are buildings that are less than 10 years old. If they are more than 10 years old, they will have been extensively renovated.

The fixtures and fittings will be of the very best quality.

The amenities will be comprehensive and of a luxury standard.

While Class A properties tend to generate a lower yield percentage, they can grow exponentially and they tend to hold their value even in major economic downturns.

In terms of their investment profile, they are considered to be core assets.

An article on multi-family investing at explains why Class A apartment buildings, with a ‘core asset’ risk profile, offer a lower yield percentage:-

“Owners purchase these properties using lower leverage, therefore with lower risk.  REITs and institutional investors purchase these assets for income stream.  The lower risk profile results in lower returns in the 8-10% IRR range.”

A property in the Class A category would not likely have a “core plus” risk profile unless it were slightly downgraded in some way perhaps by a less favorable location, housing type or a number of other factors.


Classification – Class B

class be property multy family home

Class B properties are older than class A properties. Usually, class B properties have been built within the last 20 years.

The quality of the construction will still be high but there could be some evidence of deferred maintenance.

The fixtures and finishings will not be as high quality and the amenities will be limited.


Classification– Class C

Class C properties are built within the last 30 years. They will definitely show some signs of deferred maintenance.

The property will be in a less favorable location and it will likely not have been managed in an optimum way.

Fixtures and finishings will be old fashioned and of low quality. Amenities will be very limited.

Both Class B and Class C properties can be candidates for a ‘value add’ investment strategy.

By bringing deferred maintenance issues up to date or by upgrading the property by means of an interior and/or exterior renovation there is an opportunity to increase the tenant occupancy and receive a higher return on your investment.

In his article, ‘what are the 4 investment strategies?’ Ian Ippolito explains why pursuing a value add investment strategy is a higher risk:- “Much of the risk in value-added strategies comes from the fact that they require moderate to high leverage to execute (40 to 70%). Leverage does increase the return, but also increases the

risk, and makes the investment more susceptible to loss during a real estate cycle downturn.”


Classification – Class D

Class D properties are generally more than 30 years old. The property will be showing signs of disrepair and will be run down.

The construction quality will be inferior and the location will be less desirable.

The property may be suffering due to prolonged and intense use and high-level occupancy.












Both Class C and Class D properties can be candidates for an ‘opportunistic’ investment strategy.

Because these properties require major renovations they are the highest risk investments but they can also yield the highest returns.


In overall terms, the US multi-family real estate market continues to give excellent returns for well-informed investors.

This article has clearly explained how different types of multi-family properties are classified.

The article has also given an overview of how each class of property fits the different types of investment profiles.

We trust that this information will assist you in assessing your multi-family real estate investment goals.

For further assistance please connect with our team.

Why Multifamily Investment Makes Sense

Why Multifamily Investment Makes Sense

Why Multifamily Investment Makes Sense

Multifamily Market Overview

The demand for rental accommodation continues to significantly outpace supply. The current status quo is that rental housing supply is falling short by hundreds of thousands of units each year across the United States. This situation, according to The National Multifamily Housing Council and The National Apartment Association, looks set to continue for many years to come.

Current demographic preferences reveal a trend at both ends of the age spectrum for renting as opposed to owning. The younger demographic are finding it more challenging to get the financing for property ownership and the baby boomer generation favor downsizing and the increased freedom that allows. The result is that the demand for rental property is increasing.

The combination of these two market factors gives a strong positive indication for sustained revenue growth in the multifamily sector.  The conditions look set to remain positive for multifamily investment in most locations for the foreseeable future.

Let’s take a look now at four more reasons why investing in multifamily makes good financial sense.

#1 Economy of Scale

The basic meaning of the economic term, ‘economy of scale’ is that there is a fundamental cost-saving benefit to being bigger.

To quote Investopedia, an ‘economy of scale’ is an advantage “that arises with increased output of a product. Economies of scale arise because of the inverse relationship between the quantity produced and per-unit fixed costs.”

How does this concept apply to the argument that multifamily investing is more advantageous than investing in single-family property?

To give a simple example, if you have been collecting 10 rents for 12 months from your multifamily property and then the roof needs fixing, that’s a much better scenario than collecting 1 rent for 12 months on your single-family property and then the roof on it needs fixing.

The rationale applies even more if you add more single-family properties to the equation. The cost of managing 10 individual properties, which could be spread across multiple states, and the cost of hiring different contractors to care for each one would be punitive. The cost would be much greater and the management less efficient and less cost-effective than caring for one multifamily property of 10 units in one geographic location.

#2 Greater Control of Property Value

With a single-family property, you are almost completely at the mercy of market forces.

If you need to sell in a down market your hands will be relatively tied. The value of your property will be determined by what other properties have sold for in the local area at that time.

A multifamily property is perceived somewhat differently because of its commercial nature. It is managed and run as a business and therefore a significant part of its value is determined in the same way as a business. This means that the value is much more in your own hands.

Businesses are valued largely on their profitability and, in a similar way; a multifamily property’s value is determined by its net operating income.

Something as straightforward as adding a laundry facility or some paid parking are two examples that can very positively affect the profitability of your multifamily property and in turn, its value.

With a multifamily property, there are many more ways that you can bring your management and entrepreneurial skills to bear to increase the value of the property independently of the surrounding property market.

In a nutshell, you have the ability to raise the value of your multifamily property by decreasing expenses and increasing income.

#3 Positive Cashflow

In addition to the ideas mentioned previously, namely,
adding laundry facilities and paid parking, there are lots of amenities that could be added to your multifamily property to keep a positive cash flow.

In addition, the old adage of not having all your eggs in one basket applies here also. A tenant vacancy in a single-family rental property will bring your cash flow to a grinding halt. In contrast, if one of your units in your multifamily property is vacant, the impact on your cash flow will be minor because you will still be collecting rent from all the other units.

#4 Tax Benefits

One of the great things about supplying housing for the populace is that in doing so you are helping the government fulfill one of their important responsibilities. Not surprisingly, in return, the government offers you certain tax advantages.

One of the most significant tax advantages for multifamily property owners is something called ‘depreciation deduction,’ in effect it can allow you to deduct a large amount of the income your property generates. For details on how it works, take a look at the following Investopedia article, How Rental Property Depreciation Works.

Another way multifamily property tax laws benefit you is that you are permitted to use some of the cash flow from the property itself to pay down the mortgage.

It is permissible to collect revenue but show a much smaller amount of income on your taxes. This allows you to take a portion of that rental income and use it to pay down your debt on the property, which will steadily increase the equity.

With the help of a good tax advisor, you may find that there are many other legitimate ways to capitalize on the tax deductions and incentives and even grants that the government makes available to multifamily property owners.


In the present fluctuating economic climate multifamily properties are tangible assets that represent a sound focal point for your investment and wealth creation strategy. 

Due to shorter lease terms that give room for regular increases in rent, multifamily assets represent less of a risk than other commercial real estate investments.

The prevailing demographics are also favorable. The steady increase in the number of professionals in the workplace, families, and empty nesters looking to downsize and simplify their lifestyle means that focusing on the multi-family market makes sense.

Multifamily is and will continue to be a solid strategy for investors looking to achieve financial freedom by means of strong investment returns that are attractively low risk.